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556

HISTORY OF PERSIA

471 j Kobad's first campaign, 478-479 ;
Kobad's second campaign, 480-483 ;
Noshirwan makes peace, 487 ; successes
in Africa and Italy, 487-488 5 expedi-
tion of Noshirwan, 488-491 ; Noshir-
wan's third war, 494-495 5 campaign
by Hormisdas IV., 516-517; restora-
tion of Khusru Parviz, 519-521 j war
with Persia, 521 j condition under
Heraclius, 523-534

Romieu, Colonel, French o&cer, ii. 401

" Roof of the World " (the Pamirs), i, 1$

Roshan, province of Afghanistan, ii. 306

Ross, Prof. E. D., i. 359 footnote, 91 foot-
note, 98 footnote j ii. 144 footnote, 196
footnote

Roumania, i. 410

Roxana, i. 233, 234

Roxana (wife of Alexander the Great), i,
*89 34, 36, 3:0, 325

Royal Road, constructed in reign of
Darius, i. 175

Rub-al-Khali (desert of Arabia), ii. 2

Rubruquis, William of; mission to the
Mongols, ii. 146, 169-170, 181

Rudabah, Princess, mother of Rustam, i,
143-144

Rudagi, Persian poet, ii. 132

Rudbar, district of, i. 12, 298

Rukh, Shah, son Of Tamerlane, ii. 1555
kills Shah Mansur, 206; 2165 his
reign and achievements, 217-218 ; 219-
220, 223, 236, 238

Rukh, Shah, grandson of Nadir Shah j
reign of, ii. 371 et seq. j death of, 390 j

391* 392

Rukn-u-Din, last Grand Master of the
Assassins, ii. 172

Rusas, King of Urartu, i. 136

Rxissiaj Russo-Afghan Boundary Com-
mission, i. 4 ; 176 ; Mongol invasion,
ii. 144; Mongol campaign against
Abaga, 178 j Tamerlane's invasion,
207 ; first embassy to Persia, 300-301 j
treaty with Turkey for dismemberment
of Persia, 328 j Caspian provinces
evacuated by, 346 j supports the'
Lesghians, 361 j closing of British trade
across the Caspian, 365-366 j Aga
Mohamed expels Russian expedition,
386 ; invasion of Persia, 390-3915 an-
nexation of Georgia, 410 5 Persian
campaigns against, 411-412 ; descent on
Gilan, 412-413 j battle of Aslanduz,
413; treaty of Gulistan, 413-4x4 j
General YermelofVs mission, 414-415 ;
seizure of Gokcha, 416-417 ; battles of
Shamkar and Ganja, 417-418 j capture
of Erivan and Tabriz, 419 j treaty of
Turkomanchai, 419-420; murder of
Grebaiodov, 421-422 ; Anglo-Russian
antagonism, 424-425 $ naval station at

Ashurada, 447 j negotiations with
Persia, 449-450 j advance in Central
Asia, 458-459 : first Khivan expedition,
459-460 ; further advances and conquest
of Khiva, 460-462 ; crushing of the
Turkoman, 463-464 ; Cossack brigade,
475 j Russian bank, 480-481 j Persian
loans, 481-482 j Customs tariff, 4835
Anglo-Russian rivalry, 485-486
Rustam, the champion, i. 144, 145 j death
of, 146; 422, 511, 512 ; ii. 84, 206
Rustam, Persian Commander-in-Chief, i.
5345 defeat and death, 536-538
Rustam, Khan, Persian general, ii. 315
Rustam,   Mohamed, Persian   general,  ii.
310
Rustam Sultan, Chief of Kisht, ii. 374
Snadat Khan, Indian Prince, ii. 353
Saba, now Sava, q.v.
S:\bn cans, the, ii. 3
Sabaktagin, founder of Ghazna Dynasty,
ii, 91,95,96
Sabcaniam, ii. 3, 4
Sabr-Ishu, patriarch, i. 528
Sabscuwar, i, 37, 109; ii. 155, 202, 258
Sad (Arab leader), i. 535, 536 ; battle of
Cadesia, 536-538; capture of Madam,
53^-5393 subjugation of Mesopotamia,
5405 ii. it
Sad bin Zangi, Atabeg, ii. 124, 127, 128,
165
Sadi, Musharrif-u-Din, the poet, ii. 229 ;
career of, 230-232
Sadik Khan, Zand, ii. 377, 378, 391-393
Sadr-u-Din, Safavi, ii. 240
Sadyattes, King of lydia, i. 137
Safa, hill of, ii, 4, 18
Safavi  Dynasty, ii. 221;  rise of,   240-
255 ; decline of, 296 et seq.;  overthrow
of, 312-320 5 massacre of Safavi princes,
326
Saftar Dynasty of Sistan, i. 144 j rise of,
ii. 84
SafTarids, the, ii. 83
Safi, son of Abbas II., vide Sulayman,
Shah
Safid Rud, i, 22
Safi MirK&) son of Shah Abbas, ii. 267,
297, 326
Safi, Shah, reign of, ii. 297-300
Safi-u-Din, Safavi, ii. 240
Sagartia, i. 171
Sagartians, the, i. 56, 2x0
Sahag, King of Armenia, i. 473
Sahand, volcano of, i, 7
Said, father of Khalicl, ii, 28
Said Ali Khan, Chapashlu, ii. 339 footnote,
34 x footnote
Said Mohamed, son of Yar  Mohamed
Khan, ii. 449? 45*, 455
Saif (Himyarite monarch), ii. 8